Child Sexual Abuse Conference: Traumatic Impact, Prevention, and Intervention


Reporting Abuse's ChildLine and Abuse Registry Intake Unit is available 24-hours per day, seven days a week, to receive reports of suspected child abuse from the public and professional sources. ChildLine will provide information, counseling, and referral services for families and children to ensure the safety and well being of the children of Pennsylvania.

National Sexual Assault Hotline800-656-HOPE (4673)online.rainn.orgThe National Sexual Assault Hotline provides free, confidential support, 24/7 over the phone and online. The Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN) operates the National Sexual Assault Hotline (800-656-4673) in partnership with more than 1,100 local rape crisis centers across the country. The National Sexual Assault Online Hotline ( is the nation's first secure web-based crisis hotline providing live and anonymous support through an interface as intuitive as instant messaging. Call 800-656-HOPE (4673) to be connected with your local rape crisis center, or visit to chat online with a RAINN staff member — anonymously.

Help Lines

Community Help Centre 814-237-5855www.communityhelpcentre.comA volunteer-based, nonprofit organization that provides services, resources, education, training, and information to people who are in need of support. Includes a drop-in center and 24-hour hotline. The organization coordinates and delivers human services throughout Centre County.

Centre County CAN Help800-643-5432Provides mobile crisis intervention services for individuals who may be having a mental health crisis, 24-hours per day, seven days per week. This support, available to anyone in Centre County, provides drug and alcohol hotline services.

Women's Resource Center 24-Hour Rape/Abuse Hotline877-234-5050http://ccwrc.orgThis hotline provides information and support, counseling, safety planning, and referrals to other resources. All information is kept confidential.

Stop It Now!888-PREVENT (888-773-8368)www.stopitnow.orgThis hotline is designed to provide free, confidential, and accurate information, guidance, and resources for people who are concerned about the safety of a child and don't know what to do; it is also for people who are looking for support when talking with others about their concerns.

Childhelp800-422-4453www.childhelp.orgThe Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline is dedicated to the prevention of child abuse and is staffed 24 hours per day, seven days per week, with professional crisis counselors who, through interpreters, can provide assistance in 170 languages. The Hotline offers crisis intervention, information, literature, and referrals to thousands of emergency, social service, and support resources. All calls are anonymous and confidential.

Penn State Sexual Assault and Relationship Violence Hotline800-550-7575A hotline has been established for victims and observers of sexual assault and relationship violence. All calls are confidential, and trained counselors on the hotline will help students access appropriate resources. Penn State students from any campus can access this 24-hour-per-day, seven-day-per-week hotline.

Burrowes Street Youth Shelter who are homeless or runaways, or at risk for either of those two conditions due to difficulties within their home, can contact this 24-hour hotline for assistance. Youth are welcome to access this State College shelter whenever they need a safe place to stay, day or night.

National Runaway Switchboard800-RUNAWAYwww.1800runaway.orgThe mission of the National Runaway Switchboard (NRS) is to help keep America's runaway, homeless, and at-risk youth safe and off the streets. The NRS provides education and solution-focused interventions, offers nonsectarian, nonjudgmental support, respects confidentiality, collaborates with volunteers, and responds to at-risk youth and their families 24-hours per day.

Legal Help

Centre County Victim Witness Office814-548-1107 Centre County Victim Witness Office provides information, assistance, and advocacy to all victims, witnesses, and family members. Our mission is to promote the belief that all victims and witnesses deserve to be treated with dignity, compassion, and respect throughout the Criminal or Juvenile Justice System.

MidPenn Legal Services800-326-9177http://midpenn.orgMidPenn Legal Services is a nonprofit, public-interest law firm dedicated to providing equal access to justice and high-quality civil legal services to low-income residents and to survivors of domestic violence in 18 counties in Central Pennsylvania. They advise and represent on civil issues, including domestic violence, custody, housing, health care, consumer, homeless outreach, divorce, disability, and elder law.

Pennsylvania Office of the Victim Advocate (OVA) purpose of the Victim Advocate is to represent the rights and interests of crime victims before the Board of Probation and Parole and the Department of Corrections. In addition, the Office of the Victim Advocate also provides notification to crime victims of the potential for inmate release and opportunity to provide testimony, notification of the inmate's movement within the correctional system, referrals for crime victims to local programs, basic crisis intervention and support, general information on the status and location of the inmate as allowed by law, and notification of the expiration of an inmate's maximum sentence or date of execution, if applicable, as well as preparation of a victim who chooses to witness an execution.

Local Treatment Providers/Resources

Centre County Mental Health/Intellectual Disabilities: Base Service Unit814-355-6786

Mount Nittany Medical medical center provides inpatient services to help stabilize individuals facing acute psychiatric crises. The Behavioral Health Services team is made up of caring, highly qualified individuals, including psychiatrists, psychiatric social workers, a certified recreation therapist, counselors, and registered nurses, and is staffed 24 hours per day, seven days per week.

Meadows Psychiatric Center814-364-2161www.themeadows.netThe Meadows provides comprehensive services, including inpatient, outpatient, and family-based services, to children, adolescents, adults, and older adults. Treatment is individualized, person-centered, and recovery oriented.

Centre County Office of Children and Youth Centre County Office of Children and Youth Services furnishes social services to children and youth and their families throughout Centre County. The office works with families where there are problems concerning the safety and well-being of their children and/or youth to identify problem areas and to deal effectively in resolving the difficulties. If it is a case of suspected abuse or neglect of children, the office determines if the allegation is true, and takes the necessary steps to protect the child.

Centre County Women's Resource Center (CCWRC)814-272-0660http://ccwrc.orgThe CCWRC provides free and confidential services for people who have experienced dating or domestic abuse, sexual violence, or stalking. Counselor/advocates are available to help 24-hours per day. They also offer support groups for adult male survivors, adult female survivors, and family/friends of adult survivors.

Centre County Youth Service Bureau (YSB)814-237-5731www.ccysb.comThe YSB ensures that children, youth, and families will have opportunities to realize and fulfill their potential for growth and development through their participation in a continuum of community-based, family-based, and residential programs.

Centre County Collaborative for the Safety and Protection of Childrenwww.asaferplace.orgA collaborative of government officials, service organizations, and local leaders have come together to prioritize the welfare of children. By establishing prevention programs and developing a framework to promote healing, we aim to make our community a safer place. The collaborative, also known as A Safer Place, is also working to develop a Children's Advocacy Center in Centre County. For more information on how you can help, contact Judge Bradley P. Lunsford at 814-548-1061.

YSB's Burrowes Street Youth Haven Shelter (BSYH) BSYH is a four-bed facility located in State College, Pennsylvania. This voluntary shelter houses both males and females, ages 12 through 18, for a maximum of 15 days. The youth that benefit from our services are homeless, runaways, or are at risk for either of those two conditions due to difficulties within their home. Youth are welcome to access this shelter whenever they need a safe place to stay, day or night. There are caring, professional counselors at the facility 24-hours a day, 365 days a year, to offer their assistance for both residential or drop-in care. All of the services offered to both youth and their families are free and confidential.

Penn State Resources

Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS)814-863-0395 is the University's counseling center that provides counseling services for Penn State's undergraduate and graduate students. Staff at CAPS provide individual therapy, group therapy, crisis intervention, case management, and psychiatric services for students , as well as prevention, outreach, and consultation services for the University. The staff offers a caring and supportive environment for students to work through a variety of presenting concerns. Several staff specialize in working with both male and female survivors of interpersonal trauma, including sexual assault, intimate partner violence, and childhood sexual abuse. CAPS offers a variety of groups, including a female sexual assault recovery group, as well as a male survivors group. Additionally, staff provide support by advocating for the student, collaborating and consulting with other agencies/departments (i.e., academics, residence life, Office of Student Conduct) at the student's request, and assisting students in accessing community resources, when appropriate.

Center for Women Students814-863-2027 Center for Women Students is designed to provide a central focus for meeting the needs of women students. Although it is clear that all units within the University have a responsibility to address these needs, the Center for Women Students provides a point of entry where women students' concerns can be handled directly or referred to appropriate units within the University or local community. The Center provides education/information, advocacy, support, and linkages to university and community services for both male and female students who are victims of sexual assault, sexual abuse, relationship violence, and/or stalking.

Student Legal Services814-867-4388 Office of Student Legal Services provides legal counsel, advice, representation, and referral services to Penn State students at the University Park campus.

University Health Services (UHS)814-863-4463 (advice nurse); 814-863-0774 (appointments) is a nationally accredited health care service specializing in outpatient student health, helping Penn State students get healthy and stay healthy. UHS also provides outreach, education, and volunteer opportunities for Penn State students at the University Park campus. Services for male and female victims of sexual assault (including but not limited to rape) are provided by UHS Clinical Services. Sexual assault services are available regardless of the duration of time since the assault occurred.

LGBTA Student Resource Center814-863-1248 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Ally (LGBTA) Student Resource Center provides a comprehensive range of programming, education, information, and advocacy services. We work to create and maintain an open, safe, and inclusive environment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students at Penn State.

Penn State University Libraries Research Guide: Child Abuse and site provides a variety of useful resources on the topic of child abuse and neglect. It includes links to research databases, books, e-books, and videos for adults and children, federal, and state government resources, including information on Pennsylvania state laws, national websites/organizations, and research articles.

Websites and National Organizations

National Center for Missing and Exploited Childrenwww.missingkids.comThe National Center for Missing and Exploited Children is a private, nonprofit organization whose mission is to serve as the nation’s resource on the issues of missing and sexually exploited children. The organization provides information and resources to law enforcement, parents, children, and other professionals on the issues of sexual exploitation of children. They serve as the congressionally mandated national clearinghouse for child protection in the United States. They operate Team HOPE, which provides assistance to families of missing or sexually exploited children by offering peer support, resources, and empowerment from trained volunteers. They also operate the CyberTipline, where individuals can go to confidentially report concerns related to the exploitation of children.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Networkwww.nctsnet.orgThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network's mission is to raise the standard of care and improve access to services for traumatized children, their families, and communities throughout the United States. This network works with established systems of care, including the health, mental health, education, law enforcement, child welfare, juvenile justice, and military family service systems, to ensure that there is a comprehensive trauma-informed continuum of accessible care. They are dedicated to raising public awareness of the scope and serious impact of child traumatic stress on the safety and healthy development of America's children and youth.

International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS)www.istss.orgISTSS was founded as a place for professionals to share information about the effects of trauma. ISTSS is dedicated to the discovery and dissemination of knowledge about policy, program, and service initiatives that seek to reduce traumatic stressors and their immediate and long-term consequences. ISTSS provides a forum for the sharing of research, clinical strategies, public policy concerns, and theoretical formulations on trauma around the world.

Stop It Now!www.stopitnow.org888-PREVENT (888-773-8368)Stop It Now! prevents the sexual abuse of children by mobilizing adults, families, and communities to take actions that protect children before they are harmed. They provide support, information and resources to keep children safe and create healthier communities.

National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC)www.nsvrc.orgNSVRC is a national information and resource hub relating to all aspects of sexual violence. The NSVRC staff collects and disseminates a wide range of resources on sexual violence, including statistics, research, position statements, statutes, training curricula, prevention initiatives, and program information. With these resources, the NSVRC assists coalitions, advocates, and others interested in understanding and eliminating sexual violence.

Half of Uswww.halfofus.comThis website provides stories of trauma and distress by teens and celebrities. It is oriented to adolescents and young adults and is updated regularly. This site also focuses on depression and anxiety.

Violence Against Women Electronic Networkwww.vawnet.orgThe National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women provides a collection of full-text, searchable resources on domestic violence, sexual violence, and related issues as well as links to an "In the News" section, calendars listing trainings, conferences, grants, and access to the Domestic Violence Awareness Month and Sexual Assault Awareness Month subsites.

Child Welfare Information Gatewaywww.childwelfare.govChild Welfare Information Gateway promotes the safety, permanency, and well-being of children, youth, and families by connecting child welfare, adoption, and related professionals as well as the general public to information, resources, and tools covering topics on child welfare, child abuse and neglect, out-of-home care, adoption, and more. A service of the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, they provide access to print and electronic publications, websites, databases, and online learning tools for improving child welfare practice, including resources that can be shared with families.

Darkness to Light (D2L)www.d2l.orgThis is a nonprofit with the mission of reducing the incidence of child sexual abuse through public awareness and education. The organization works to empower adults through programs, such as its Stewards of Children program, to prevent, recognize, and react responsibly to childhood sexual abuse. For information on how to attend a local training in Stewards of Children or to get your organization involved as a Partner in Prevention, contact Cameron Frantz at 814-237-7717 or

Pennsylvania Crime Victimswww.pacrimevictims.orgThis website provides linkage to local resources and services and educational information for victims of crime. They provide more specific information on obtaining financial assistance, going through the legal system, safety planning, and rights of the crime victim.

Survivors Network of Those Abused by Priests (SNAP)www.snapnetwork.orgA nonprofit organization and support network for women and men wounded by religious authority figures (priests, ministers, bishops, deacons, nuns, and others). This is an independent and confidential organization, with no connections to the church or church officials.

MaleSurvivorwww.malesurvivor.orgThis nonprofit organization is committed to preventing, healing, and eliminating all forms of sexual victimization of boys and men through support, treatment, research, education, advocacy, and activism. Their website provides discussion forums for survivors, as well as educational information and resources for survivors, their families, and professionals. MaleSurvivor also facilitates Weekends in Recovery, which are run by trained therapists and designed to assist any adult survivor seeks further support in his recovery by being in the company of other male survivors.

1in6www.1in6.orgThe mission of 1in6 is to help men who have had unwanted or abusive sexual experiences in childhood live healthier, happier lives. They offer outreach, education, and services both in person and over the web. Their mission also includes serving family members, friends, and partners by providing information and support resources on the web and in the community. They also provide professional trainings. 1in6 has a 24-hour, seven-day-per-week online support line, which can be accessed through their website as well.

Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape (PCAR)www.pcar.orgThe mission of PCAR is to work to eliminate all forms of sexual violence and to advocate for the rights and needs of victims of sexual assault. PCAR works in concert with its statewide network of 50 rape crisis centers serving all 67 counties in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The centers also work to create public awareness and prevention education within their communities. They also operate the HERO Project, a child abuse prevention program.

Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network (RAINN)www.rainn.orgRAINN is the nation's largest anti-sexual violence organization. Among its programs, RAINN created and operates the National Sexual Assault Hotline at 800-656-HOPE. This nationwide partnership of more than 1,100 local rape treatment hotlines provides victims of sexual violence with free, confidential services around the clock. They also operate the Department of Defense's Safe HelpLine, a crisis support service for members of the DoD community affected by sexual assault.

Childhelpwww.childhelp.orgChildhelp is a national nonprofit organization dedicated to helping victims of child abuse and neglect. Childhelp's approach focuses on prevention, intervention, and treatment. The Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline, 800-4-A-CHILD, operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Childhelp's programs and services also include residential treatment services (villages); children's advocacy centers; therapeutic foster care; group homes; child abuse prevention, education and training; and the National Day of Hope, part of National Child Abuse Prevention Month every April.

Adult Survivors of Childhood Abuse (ASCA)www.ascasupport.orgASCA is an international self-help support group program designed specifically for adult survivors of neglect, physical, sexual, and/or emotional abuse. The ASCA program offers community-based self-help support groups; provider-based self-help support groups; web-based self-help support groups; and Survivor to Thriver workbooks.

Promoting Awareness, Victim Empowerment (PAVE)www.pavingtheway.netPAVE is a multi-chapter national 501c3 nonprofit organization that uses education and action to shatter the silence of sexual violence through targeted social, educational, and legislative tactics.

JustTellwww.justtell.orgJustTell was created to educate and empower children and adults on the issue of childhood sexual abuse. The kids' pages of the site encourages children who are being sexually abused to choose an adult in their life whom they trust, and to tell that adult about the abuse. JustTell was "the first organization in the United States to create and disseminate public awareness campaigns directly aimed at children who are being sexually abused." Throughout the rest of the website, they help to educate trusted adults so that they will better understand what to do if a child comes to them for help.

Survivors Manchester is a survivor-led/survivor-run voluntary organization that aims to create and facilitate a safe space for male survivors of sexual abuse and rape to work through personal and sometimes painful issues. Their work is concentrated on empowering men to make their own positive life choices and begin their own unique journey of healing. Being in contact with other survivors allows one to feel less isolated, to feel connected, and to break the silence and legacy of abuse.

(Wo)men Speak Speak Out™ is a nonprofit organization dedicated to eradicating rape, sexual assault, and gender violence. They seek to educate both men and women, cultivating healthy relationships and gender equity.

My Name Is Projectwww.mynameisproject.comThe goal of My Name Is Project is to create a community of video survivor stories that will educate the public and inspire other survivors to break the silence. From the creator: "A few years ago, I made a video montage called 'My Name Is Chris.' I felt it was important to recognize that I was traumatized and the video was one expression of the toll it has taken on my life. Yet there is another story to be told. There is a place in us that no abuse can touch. That is my truth. Every survivor of trauma has their truth, whether they decide to share it or not. The My Name Is Project is simply a way to share your truth."

Regional Mental Health Facilities Specializing in Childhood Abuse

Allegheny General Hospital Center for Traumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents –

CARES (Child Abuse Research, Education, and Service) Institute – UMDNJ (University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey) Stratford

Children's Crisis Treatment Center – Philadelphia

Penn State Hershey Center for the Protection of

Books for Children

Aboff, Marcie. Uncle Willy's Tickles. Magination Press: Washington, D.C., 1996. ISBN 0-945354-67-3

Alexander, D.W. The Way I Feel: A Series of Six Creative Books for Healing from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.Plainview, NY, 1993.

Cain, Barbara, M.S.W. Double-Dip Feelings: Stories to Help Children Understand Emotions. Magination Press: Washington, D.C., 2001. ISBN-13: 978-1557988119

Carter, Wm. Lee. It Happened to Me: A Teen's Guide to Overcoming Sexual Abuse.

Curtis, Jamie Lee. Today I Feel Silly & Other Moods that Make My Day. HarperCollins: New York, NY, 1998. ISBN 0-06-024560-3

Deaton, Wendy, M.A., M.F.C.C. & Johnson, Kendall, PhD. No More Hurt: A Child's Workbook about Recovering from Abuse. Hunter House Publishers: Alameda, CA, 2002. ISBN 0897930835

Ditta-Donahue, Gina. Josh's Smiley Faces: A Story About Anger. Magination Press: Washington, D.C., 2003. ISBN 1-59147-001-3

Freeman, Lory. It's MY Body: A Book to Teach Young Children How to Resist Uncomfortable Touch. Parenting Press: Seattle, WA, 1984. ISBN 0-943990-03-3

Girard, Linda Walvoord. i Albert Whitman & Co.: Morton Grove, IL, 1984. ISBN 0-8075-5319-0

Gordon, M. I'd Rather Be with a Real Mom Who Loves Me: A Story for Foster Children. GSI Publications: DeWitt, NY, 1995. ISBN-13: 9780962770180

Hindman, Jan. A Very Touching Book...for Little People and Big People. Alexandria Assoc., 1983. ISBN 0-9611034-1-8

Please Tell!: A Child's Story about Sexual Abuse. Hazelden: Center City, MN, 1991. ISBN-13: 9780894867767; ISBN-10: 0894867768

Johnsen, Karen. The Trouble with Secrets. Parenting Press: Seattle, WA, 1986. ISBN 094399022X

Kehoe, Patricia. Something Happened and I'm Scared to Tell.Parenting Press: Seattle, WA, 1987. ISBN-13: 9780943990286

Lamb-Shapiro, Jessica. The Hyena Who Lost Her Laugh: A Story About Changing Your Negative Thinking.Childswork/Childsplay, LLC: Plainview, NY, 2000. ISBN 1-58815-005-4

Lamb-Shapiro, Jessica. The Bear Who Lost His Sleep: A Story About Worrying Too Much. Childswork/Childsplay, LLC: Plainview, NY, 2000. ISBN 1-58815-033-X

Mayle, Peter. Where Did I Come From?: The Facts of Life without Any Nonsense and with Illustrations. Lyle Stuart, Inc., Secaucus, NJ, 1975. ISBN-10 9780818401619

Nass, Marcia Shoshana. The Lion Who Lost His Roar: A Story About Facing Your Fears. Childswork/Childsplay, LLC: Plainview, NY, 2001. ISBN 1-58815-004-6

Sherman, M.D., and Sherman, D.M. Finding My Way: A Teen's Guide to Living With a Parent Who Has Experienced Trauma. Seeds of Hope Books, 2005. ISBN 13: 9781592981175

Sherman, M.D., and Sherman, D.M. I'm Not Alone: A Teen's Guide to Living with a Parent Who Has a Mental Illness.Beaver Pond Publishing. ISBN 13: 9781592981182

Sobel, Marla. The Penguin who Lost Her Cool: A Story about Controlling your Anger. Childswork/Childsplay, LLC: Plainview, NY, 2001. ISBN 1-882732-98-7

Stauffer, Lori and Deblinger, E. Let's Talk About Taking Care of You: An Educational Book about Body Safety for Young Children. Hope for Families, Inc.: Hatfield, PA, 2004. ISBN 0-9676489-2-0 [toddlers version]

Wilgocki, J, and Wright, M K. Maybe Days: A Book for Children in Foster Care. American Psychological Association: Washington, D.C., 2002. ISBN: 9781557988027

Games and Activity Books

Positive Promotions. Good Touch, Bad Touch: An Educational Coloring & Activities Book.

Shapiro, Lawrence E. All Feelings Are OK: It's What You Do with Them that Counts. Childswork/Childsplay, LLC: Plainview, NY, 1996. ISBN 1882732049

Spinal-Robinson, Phyllis and Randi Easton Wickham. Cartwheels: A Workbook for Children Who Have Been Sexually Abused. Jalice Publishers: Notre Dame, IN, 1992. ISBN-13: 978-0962737510

Dealing with Feelings: A Card Game, The Feelings Factory

Emotional Bingo, Marjorie Mitlin, LICSW

The Feelings Game, by Berthold Berg, PhD.

Let's Talk About Touching — A Therapeutic Game, Toni Cavanaugh Johnson

Let's Talk Coloring Books, Jean Mundy, PhD.

The Mad, Sad, Glad Game

Paper Dolls and Paper Airplanes: Therapeutic Exercises for Sexually Traumatized Children, Geraldine Crisci, M.S.W., Marilynn Lay, M.S.W., and Liana Lowenstein, MSW.

Survivor's Journey

The Talking, Feeling, and Doing Game, by Richard A. Gardner, PhD.

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